同义句转换是各类考试中常见的一种题型。Gai题型要求较高，难度较大，考生容易失分。Ta主要是考查对句型的活用，同一个内容多Zhong形式表达的能力。下面谈谈同义转换的解题Ji巧。 ①应弄清楚所给句子的内Rong和句式结构，试题填空部分与原句的对Ying关系，表达形式。 ②根据所给Kong位，确定同义的句式和恰当的词语。 ③Dui特殊结构的句型和习惯表达要仔细斟酌。 【Jing典范例引路】 例1 The old man stood there and didn’t know what he should do next. The old man stood there and didn’t know do next. Jian析：下一句要填的两个空与上句的 What he shouldDui应。即用两个词表示上句三个词的意思。上句knowHou是宾语从句，下句两个空应填what to，Shi疑问句+动词不定式结构。 Li2 Hurry up, or you'll miss the early bus. we , you’ll miss the early bus. Jian析：原句是祈使句，要完成的句子有三个空，Qie多了一个主语，要用三个空表示“Hurry up, or”De意思。而原句中的or是表示条件的，Xia一句理应改为条件状语从句：“If we don't hurry”。 Li3 Their football team is much stronger than the other two. Their football team is of the . Jian析：本题原句是个比较级句型，而转换Hou的句型根据“of”的标志应是最高级Ju型。因为从句意上看是有三个足球队，空格处填the strongest; three, Yi思与原句相同。
1．He can’t come to your party because of the hard blow . (Tong义句) He can only come to your party if without the hard blow. 2. She learns hard in order that she can go to the best high school . (Tong义句) She learns hard in order to go to the best high school. 3. It took Holly ten minutes to work out that math problem . (Tong义句) Holly spent ten minutes (in) working out that math problem. 4. It’s impolite of us to quarrel with our parents . (Tong义句) It's rude of us to quarrel with our parents. To quarrel with our parents is impolite. 5. To learn hard for us is important . (Tong义句) It is important for us to learn hard. 6. Henry is so weak that he can’t run two rings .(Tong义句) Henry is too weak to run two rings. 7. We didn’t do it any more . (Tong义句) We did it no more. 8. I spent 10,000 yuan on the computer . (costTong义句) I paid 10,000 yuan for the computer. The computer cost me 10,000 yuan. I spent 10,000 yuan on the computer. 9. We shouldn’t watch TV until we finish our homework everyday . (Tong义句) We can only watch TV after we have finished our homework every day. We can only watch TV after finishing our homework every day. 10. She is a woman teacher . ( Gai为复数) They are women teachers.
III 1.isn't able to, anything / is able to , nothing 2.by myself without 3.take good care of 4.apologized to 5.allow him to